The 4 Main Types of Databases Used Today

Databases are very useful when it comes to managing records in a business. Nowadays, there are various types of database examples used in different types of business and homes. These include relational databases, text database, desktop database programs, object-oriented databases and NoSQL.

Relational Database

Relational Database is among the most common types of database examples. It is comprised of database programs such as Oracle, MySQL, Informix, Sybase, and SQL Server. This database management system has a better performance when it comes to managing a variety of data when compared with another database system such as desktop database program. It can allow more than one user to work with a given data and hence uses advance security protocols for data access.

Text Database.

Text database is one of the simplest types of database examples. Here, data is stored in a text file which is sorted in rows and columns which can be then used to organize, store, retrieve, and protect data. A good example of a simple type of text database would be a list of names stored in a text file that begins with the first name and then proceeded by the last name. Each of the file’s row represents a record and records can be updated by including new lines, deleting unwanted lines, or modifying specific entries.

Desktop Database Program.

A desktop database program is also among the common types of database examples that is somewhat more complicated than the standard text database and is mostly single user based. A good example of this type of database includes Microsoft Access and Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet. They let users enter data, retrieve data, store data, and protect data whenever necessary. The main advantage of this type of database system when compared with text database is its ability to store huge amounts of data while also ensuring that the system’s performance remains manageable and the speed when making modifications to the database.

Object-Oriented Databases and NoSQL.

Object-Oriented Databases and NoSQL are the most innovative types of database examples. They don’t use the standard approach of other types of database systems which normally include tables, rows, and columns. Instead, the go on to build bookshelves of various elements and then allow access to each bookshelf. Therefore, instead of looking for specific words or phrases in books, Object-Oriented and NoSQL databases narrow down the data required by pointing a user to the bookshelf and an assistant works with the books so as to locate the word that is being searched.